April 14, 2024

Business Bib

Business & Finance Blog

An Introduction to Freight Shipment: Types and Features

3 min read

Freight forwarding is the process in which the goods and cargo are transported from one place to another.  Depending upon the destination, time and the type of products, a supplier can choose any mode of transport such as land freight, air and sea for shipment of goods. Many Chicago freight shipping companies are engaged in this business to meet the growing demand for shipments.

Land transport is used for shipments of goods within the country or nearby areas. It is also used for carrying goods arrived through air and sea transport. Air freight includes the transfer of goods from remote destinations through air crafts. Sea freight transport cargo through sea or ocean in containers.

Types of Freight Services

  • Less than Truckload (LTL): Offers regional, interregional and national LTL services. LTL Freight primarily provides solutions for shipments of small size with a fleet of dry van trailers. Customized reporting and real-time tracking of goods are offered to satisfy customer needs.
  • Full Truck Load (FTL): Includes nationwide shipping to the US, Canada and Mexico through a fleet of 53’ & 48’ dry vans. Services such as next day delivery and partial or full truckload capacity are offered to clients depending upon their requirements.
  • Air freight shipping: Includes international import and export air freight shipping services as well as inbound and outbound transport services from main hubs of North America to all the destinations all over the world with the help of airline partners.


  • Sea freight: Offers global door-to-door intermodal shipping service for all types of cargo with the help of sea freight operators. The sea shipment services consist of FCL (full container load) and LCL (less than container load) service. In addition, sea shipments also provide customs clearance, insurance, documentation and consolidation services.


  • Warehousing: The warehousing freight services offer domestic as well as international warehousing, inventory control, pick and pack and distribution services through multiple warehouses located in Chicago.


  • Flatbed services: The shipment of cargo is carried out through flatbed trailers of different dimensions.

In addition to the services mentioned above in freight shipping, many other services are provided by different freight forwarders as part of their shipping activities. These services include fleet maintenance services such as preventive maintenance oil and lube change, inspections and engine diagnostics.

All freight providers offer different kinds of delivery services depending on the destination as well as needs of the customer. High-tech fleets of straight trucks and trailers can provide expedited delivery services such as same-day delivery for time-sensitive goods.Many online tools are also available for shipment tracking, comparison of shipment quotes and POD information.

Freight shipping has the capabilities to handle goods of different industries such as automotive goods, electrical products, medical products, printed products, chemicals and hazardous goods. Specific to the sectors referenced above, the primary shipping services of these industries include:


  • Warehousing & distribution of automotive parts, spare parts
  • Electrical products
  • Specialised marketing, supply-chain and sales-support solutions, as well as delivering medical and pharmaceutical products
  • Printed product logistics
  • Wire product shipping
  • Refined petroleum products and hazardous chemicals transportation

There you have it! Everything you need to know about freight shipping. Hopefully, this helps you with your next freight shipment project!